Oil painting is an important part of Western painting art. Almost every master of painting is standing in the forest of art with its beautiful oil paintings. These beautiful artworks, as well as the stars in the long river of history, illuminate the course of human civilization.
How to appreciate oil painting? This is a simple and profound question.
First of all, there should be a general understanding of the development of oil painting.
The source of Western painting can be traced back to the prehistoric era of 30,000 BC. But the great impact was from the Italian Renaissance. The Italian Renaissance formed an important painting school which is the Florentine school in Florence at the economic and cultural center. They are led by bourgeois humanism, applying the results of anatomy and perspective to painting, changing the medieval flat decorative style into a concentrated perspective, with a light and dark effect, showing a three-dimensional painting method, which is a huge Innovation. As a result, many famous painters have emerged. The greatest painter of the early Italian Renaissance was undoubtedly Sandro Botticelli. His works including "Spring" and "The Birth of Venus" are poetic and full of curves and interesting.
With the fall of Florence, the talented apprentices cultivated in the workshops of the ancient Florentine paintings turned to Rome. Da Vinci is the oldest of them. His paintings focus on the inner spiritual world of the characters, without a sharp outline. The splendor and tremor of the atmosphere, the vivid image of the characters' expressions, and the softness of the skin of the characters made him a master of painting art. Raphael can make a new perfect expression of traditional themes, and he describes each story to the point where it is difficult to make any changes. Michelangelo's paintings are prominent, and he is eager to reach the level of power frenzy, which makes his predecessors' painters fascinated. Therefore, Da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo called the "three masters" of the Renaissance.
The only city that developed its own art style during this period was Venice. Giorgioni, Titian, and Tintorre created a passionate, joyful, colorful Venetian painting style that contrasts sharply with the three masters' rational paintings.
The great achievements and inventions of the Italian artists of the Renaissance have had a profound impact on the peoples north of the Alps. Dürer and Little Hans Holbein was the greatest painter of Germany during this period. Dürr has a strong interest in all aspects of the world like Da Vinci, and the Germanic spirit is the central theme of his art.
El Greco is the first world-class master of Spanish painting. His paintings are full of mysticism and seem to herald a certain impulse to change in European painting.
Italy has dominated Europe for centuries as the center of European art, and academicism is her last contribution to European art. The Bolunya College founded by the Karachi Brothers has established a complete art education system with the aim of “absolute rationality”. The academic school is an absolute "classical style."
Since the 17th century, French painting has begun to rise and has gradually become the dominant force in European painting. Poussin became the greatest painter of France in this period with his classicism. At the beginning of the 18th century, due to the advocacy of King Louis XIV of France, a relaxed, sensual, and enjoyable Rococo style became mainstream in the art world and had an important influence on painting throughout Europe. The main representative of this genre is Boucher. With the advent of the French Revolution, neoclassicalism and romanticism began to rise. Neoclassicism is an effective form used by the revolutionary government to express its political ideals. The deepening of the Great Revolution and the need for contemporary themes are increasingly urgent. The original dominant themes naturally slowly withdraw from the painting. Beginning in the 1930s, realism began to appear. The representative figures were Courbet and Miller, especially Gainsborough's "Let's Landscape Paintings", fresh, poetic, romantic, and unforgettable.
Since 1860, European art has begun a very delicate period, and many new arts have begun to appear. The most eye-catching and decisive influence on the development of Western art later was the French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art. Impressionist light and color gave fresh air to the painting world at that time. If you don't understand the general picture of the world at that time, you can't understand why Impressionism has such a big influence, and you can't make the appropriate brushwork of the Impressionist painter. enjoy. The post-impressionists have also produced famous masters such as Cézanne, Gauguin, and Van Gogh, which have had a profound influence on Picasso, Dali, and modern painting art.
The development of Western painting is a vast history. It takes time to understand it in depth. Here, we only make a simple review of the development of Western painting, hoping to play a supporting role in your appreciation.
Second, there is a general understanding of the author himself.
The work can be said to be the autobiography of the author's visualization, which is the concrete expression of the author's attitude towards life and aesthetic value, that is, the so-called "painting is like a person." Raphael was one of the three masters of the Renaissance. His father was a court painter. He entered the court from an early age. This special origin made him highly sensitive to the beauty of form. His "Athens Academy" almost represented him. All the humanistic ideas, Western art historians believe that it is Raphael that has made the art form of the Renaissance the most classic, thorough and perfect expression; David was born and grew up in the most turbulent age in France, the influence of the family He first tended to Rococo style and showed extreme enthusiasm for politics. His "Death of Marathon" and "The Coronation of Napoleon" all show David's political orientation; everyone who knows Gao Gao is experiencing twists and turns, and his "Star Moonlight Night" puts the painter's inner arrogance. The performance is vividly carried out; some painters have combined their love for their wives, children, and family into the pen... If there is no understanding of the author's life, it is difficult to make a correct understanding of the work.
Third, there is a basic understanding of the background of the creation of the work.
We found that many famous works may seem to have nothing special today; many craftsmen have even surpassed the master's original works for masterworks. But the master is a master, the craftsman is a craftsman, and the difference between the two is one hundred and eight thousand miles. Da Vinci is great because all the painters in front of him are stiff and hard-lined, and only Da Vinci humanizes the characters, and the soft atmosphere of his works, even if later generations of painters fail to produce them. Right; Miller and Courbet are representatives of realism. They all deliberately portrayed the peasants because they were in the era of great turmoil in France. Their portrayal of the peasants was the requirement of the times. . But even then, the works of their peasant subjects are quite different, which is determined by the different personalities and growth environment of the two; Impressionist works, there seems to be nothing special today, but at the time In the era, the painting circles were ruled by the academic classics. Any works that did not meet the requirements of the "Sharon" were rejected. The Western paintings were dead, and the light and color of the Impressionists brought fresh air to the paintings. The active thinking of people has stimulated the situation of many factions; the innovation of Shura in painting techniques has also made him a place in the masters of modern painting... If you don’t understand the background of the works, you can’t deeply understand the uniqueness of the works. Exquisite.
Fourth, more attention is a key process to improve appreciation.
In art, beauty is the first, leaving the United States, everything in the world will become paralyzed and withered. Therefore, no matter how you understand the work, you must first be able to see its beauty, and grasping "beauty" is indeed a problem when you appreciate art, but because of the infiniteness and richness of "beauty", art will become extraordinarily Full and charming. While improving his artistic accomplishment, it is an easy way to improve his appreciation. There are advantages in comparison, and there are naturally some experiences of seeing it. Just like a foodie, eating a big mouth and eating more will become a foodie.
Appreciating a painting is a seemingly simple process, and the knowledge of the viewer makes the painting itself an elegant art. In the temple of art, beauty is the first priority. As long as you see the beauty of the painting, it resonates and you appreciate it. Appreciation is the benevolence of the benevolent, the wise see the wisdom, cannot be unified norms, it is the difference of the individual, only the arrogance of art, and the glory. So, go and see as much as you can, as long as you discover the beauty. In fact, this is the most important thing.
If you are a person who knows nothing about oil painting, then the following suggestions will help you to watch the oil painting exhibition in a decent way and get some pleasure from it.
Color: Realistic oil paintings are not superb. Painting is not the highest state of an oil painting. The most interesting thing is the coordination between color and form. A good artwork should be filled with color to fill the unfinished meaning behind the picture, which has a huge effect.
Brushwork: There should be a certain amount of sketching skills in order to draw a good oil painting. The volume, texture and perspective of the object should be clearly defined.
Author: paintings usually reflect the author's ideas, in some cases, even the most famous painters, because it was different states, strokes and style will be very different. Fame can't decide everything.
Title: Titles in oil paintings are relatively less important, usually very casual, even for archiving, and quite a few works are simply titled with creation time.
Material: Mainly on the oil painting on the board and oil painting on the cloth. The oil painting on the board was generally before the Renaissance, when there was no good linen. Contemporary oil paintings are made of linen.
In recent years, oil paintings have gradually entered the homes of ordinary people. When decorating the wall of a residence, people often choose some watercolor paintings, Chinese paintings and oil paintings. Especially oil painting is more popular with people.
In China, the painting market is roughly divided into three categories: Chinese painting, Western painting and folk painting. Chinese paintings are about rhyme, interest, pen and ink, but Western painting is not. Western paintings include oil painting, woodblock, copperplate, sketch, watercolor, gouache and other paintings. Among them, oil painting is the most expressive, practical and decorative painting.
Western oil paintings have been introduced to China for only three hundred years, and they have entered the social life of people extensively, but it was the beginning of the last century. After the reform and opening up, all styles and genres of oil painting have a place.
Oil painting creation is divided into theme painting, genre painting, landscape painting, portrait painting and still life painting. But no matter what the subject matter, the work mainly depends on the two elements of style and color. In other words, oil painting uses three major means of expression: light, color and color.
Shape, that is, form. This requires the artist to have the ability to shape first and have a deep sketch. There is no good basis for sketching. If you want to draw a good oil painting, it is like a tall building without a foundation.
Light, that is, the performance of light effects. After the rise of the French Impressionism, it triggered people's research and performance on light. The painter's understanding of light tends to be scientific and rational. Therefore, the performance of light and shadow is more vivid and vivid. Light and light are important elements of the atmosphere. This is just a matter of understanding the lighting effects of the theater stage.
The most important element of oil painting is color. The color is different from the color on the palette. The painter never puts the color on the palette, which is the paint produced by the factory, on the canvas as it is. These colors must be carefully and artistically modulated by the artist to achieve a soft, realistic color, a harmonious unity between the color blocks and the color blocks. This is what people usually call tones or tones. The color of a painting can't be colorful, it can't be colorful, it can't be complicated, it should be dazzling, but it should form a picture that can reflect a certain color tendency, and change without any reason, subtle and delicate. https://www.abstractpaintingcanvas.com/
Hue is the soul of oil painting. There is no tone, that is to say, if a painting does not form a tone and there is no harmonious and unified color block combination, then the oil painting can be said to have not reached the pass line.
In addition to the above requirements, oil paintings also pay attention to composition, brush strokes, rhythm, etc., not to elaborate here.
Modern oil painting creation is roughly divided into two categories: abstract painting and figurative painting.
The so-called abstract oil painting is to take away the shape of the natural object in the performance of the picture and replace it with the expression of an idea and image. This kind of painting has no specific image of nature, only color blocks, lines, dots and so on. The painter only triggers association and imagination from the combination of these color blocks. Such works as Zhao Wuji’s works belong to this category. The art theory of abstract painting is various, but it can be summarized by the words of the ancient Chinese, that is, 'elephant invisible'.
Usually, people have a misunderstanding, thinking that Impressionism, Fauvism, and futurism are called abstract paintings. In fact, these artistic schools are merely a framework for breaking through realism and classicism. They have not extracted the image. At most, they only transform the reality image into a modernized expression, and they are transformed and exaggerated.
At present, there are many painters who admire themselves as abstracts in China. Some painters have formed certain styles and their works are quite deep. However, some people may lack the basis of sketching and have not been strictly trained in realist paintings. They mistakenly think that they are casually painted. Smudge is an abstract painting. The meaning of such works is not deep, the interest is not strong, there is no decorative taste, and there is no deliberate ingenuity, just flowing in form. In fact, it greatly distorts the main theme of abstract painting.
In figurative painting, in addition to being completely realistic, there is a rich decorative taste, a deformed, or a variety of forms between abstraction and figuration.
In short, today is a pluralistic era, oil painting creation is diverse in terms of content or expression. We can't make a difference, let the works of various genres shine in the hundred gardens of oil painting.
The above talks mainly refer to original oil paintings. The kind of computer painting, copying, limited-printing prints or the kind of shoddy, "shopping" produced by the factory method is not in the scope of discussion. In fact, the professional painter Linyi's oil painting business card is still relatively good, and the printed matter cannot be compared with it.
The oil painting originated in Europe. It was invented by the Dutch in the 15th century. It was blended with linseed oil and painted on the treated cloth or board. Because the oil paint does not change color after drying, the multi-color blending will not become dirty. Dirty, the painter can draw rich, realistic colors. Oil paints are opaque and have a strong covering power, so they can be painted from deep to shallow and layer by layer, giving the painting a three-dimensional effect. Oil painting is suitable for creating large, epic masterpieces. It has become the subjective painting method in the history of Western painting. The Western paintings that are now in existence are mainly oil paintings. Most of the murals are also made with oil paints and creative methods. In the late 19th century, due to the development of science and technology, many new materials were used in the field of oil painting, such as acrylic paints and paints.
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